We work on research, policy, and facilitation for HLP issues. For over 25 years, our experts have been advising clients from the public sector, NFPs, and international organizations on the legal frameworks governing property rights, tenure rights, security of tenure, the political economy of property, the economics of land management systems, and risk analysis.  We facilitate local dialogues and highly technical meetings and workshops among experts and institutional partners. We also develop digital tools to digitize analogue records and to use AI to extract cadastral features from old records. 

Our services in this field include: 

Research & Analysis 

Scenario Development 


Stakeholder Engagement 

Capacity Building

Monitoring & Evaluation

Related Works

Year:  2021 - 2022

Client:  NRC - Norwegian Refugee Council

A communication and dissemination strategy for a Housing, Land, and Property Joint Programme (HLP JP) in Syria; funded by the European Union and involving NRC, UN-Habitat, UNDP, and UNHCR, with FAO initially as a partner.


Date:  5-6 April 2022

The GIZ organizes the first meeting of a working group on housing rights for Syrian refugees and internally displaced persons, focusing on a new GIS-based Informal Settlements Observatory to monitor and advocate for housing, land, and property rights in Syrian informal settlements.


Date:  February 2021

Publisher:  Prindex

A paper examines the relevance of Prindex survey findings for the land governance in the Arab region. It shows the region has one of the highest rates of tenure insecurity in the world.  It also highlights what shapes perceptions and how they, particularly among young adults, urban renters, and women, contribute to land governance challenges.


Year:  2019

Client:  UN Habitat 

A research project examines Syria's Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) framework, exploring challenges in urban development and property rights amidst rapid urbanization and conflict. It highlights the complexities of legal and policy frameworks, the impact on informal settlements, and the need for comprehensive approaches in post-conflict recovery.


Date:  March 2019

Publisher:  LSE – London School of Economics

Summary of 2 presentations at the LSE conference highlight the complexities of property rights and urban planning laws in post-conflict Syria, emphasizing the challenges in housing and land management, and discussing the political economy of local elections, noting their role in reinforcing the regime's patronage network, rather than promoting fair representation or democracy.


Date: 10 November 2017

A presentation examines the evolution of property rights and land management in Syria, from the Ottoman era to the Syrian war. It highlights changes in legal frameworks, the impact of the French mandate, postcolonial state policies, and the consequences of the Syrian conflict on urban landscapes and property dynamics.


Date:  October 2017

Publisher:  Syrian Echoes, funded by the European Union 

A report analyses Syria's complex urban housing crisis, highlighting the impact of traditional land tenure systems and rapid urbanization. It emphasizes the role of property rights in the conflict and post-conflict reconstruction, underscoring the need for fair housing policies and legal reforms, especially to support vulnerable groups like women.


Date:  April 2017

Publisher:  Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

A paper examines land conflicts in Myanmar and Syria, highlighting their role in broader societal issues and conflicts. It advocates for a systemic approach in national dialogues and peace agreements, emphasizing the use of existing legal frameworks and the development of new legislation and local reconciliation infrastructures.


Date: 7 March 2014

A lecture explores the shift from traditional to modern property systems in the Levant, focusing on cadastral reforms' impact on property understanding and state building. The lecture discusses how these changes affected ownership, legal frameworks, and societal structures, highlighting current challenges and the future of state building amid regional turmoil.


Year:  2013

Client:  Ministry of Housing , Omrania

A study examines Saudi Arabia's housing policy, highlighting the need for a balanced approach. It critiques the current supply-focused policy, emphasizing the importance of demand-support, legal reforms, and public participation. Recommendations include restructuring housing finance, decentralizing management, and promoting realistic housing options to address urban growth and economic challenges.

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